How to make Acrylic nail powder?
Acrylic nail powder is a substance used to produce acrylic nails. It cannot be used alone, it can only be mixed with another liquid chemical that makes it hard. The price of this product is not expensive and you can make it yourself in a nail salon or at home. Acrylic nail powder makes nails look better and provides temporary protection. Although it is generally considered safe, the need to remove acrylic nails means that there are certain risks in using this product.
How to use acrylic nail powder
The main component of acrylic nail powder is polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), which is a mixture of two monomers, methyl acrylate (EMA) and methyl methacrylate (MMA). It usually also contains benzophenone (benzophenone-1), which can keep the nail powder from discoloring when exposed to ultraviolet light. In addition, it also contains benzoyl peroxide (Benzoyl peroxide). In order to meet the fashion needs of consumers, manufacturers also produce pigmented versions, usually at a concentration of 2%, which allows people to have a wider range of color choices. In addition, some crystal nail powder also adds glitter ingredients.
When used on nails, acrylic nail powder is mixed with a monomer liquid. In addition to avoiding the rapid combination of molecules, it also prevents yellowing and allows the color to spread evenly. In this process, the benzoyl peroxide in the powder acts as a catalyst, allowing the liquid monomer to form a stronger network chain between the powder particles, which can result in a hard resin.
Under normal circumstances, the nail technician applies the mixture of acrylic nail powder and monomer liquid on the nails with a clean brush. It usually extends from the bottom to the top of the nail, moving outward from the center. Since the chemical reaction causes the two substances to start to harden when they come into contact, they cannot be pre-mixed.
To remove acrylic nail powder and resin formed by a single liquid, the nail must be soaked or covered with a solvent. Acetone is the most commonly used, but many people don’t like it because it has harmful side effects, such as irritation of the respiratory tract, causing dizziness and nausea. It takes at least 20 minutes to remove the acrylic nails. To prevent acetone from drying out the skin, apply petroleum jelly to the skin around the nails before starting.
The safety of crystal nail powder is very controversial, which may be related to its inclusion of methyl methacrylate. Methyl methacrylate has been banned by agencies such as the US Food and Drug Administration. However, this ban only concerns liquid chemicals as monomers and does not include polymers in solids and powders. The reason for the safety of the latter is that its molecules are too large to penetrate into the skin.
Although acrylic nail powder itself is not harmful to health, it requires solvent removal. These chemicals can produce toxic odors and can cause irritation if they touch the skin. They also reduce the thickness of the nails, and when combined with sanding tools, the nails will become thinner. There is also a risk of nail infection, which usually occurs when the skin or cuticle around the nail is damaged.
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